Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease in America, affecting more than 18 million adults. Fortunately, when diagnosed early, it’s possible to manage and treat. At Texas Heart and Vein Multispecialty Group, the team has an interventional cardiologist on staff who has years of experience diagnosing and treating coronary artery disease. To make an appointment at the practice in the Greater Heights or Downtown neighborhoods of Houston, Texas, Pearland, Texas, and the location in Kingwood, Texas, call the nearest office today or schedule online.
Coronary artery disease occurs when the blood vessels that supply your heart fail to function at full capacity.
The most common cause of coronary artery disease is plaques or fatty deposits that contain cholesterol. As these plaques grow in size, they reduce the flow of blood to your heart, cutting off oxygen and important nutrients.
Coronary artery disease develops slowly over time. The easiest way to reduce your risk is to visit the doctor regularly and live a heart-healthy lifestyle.
When coronary artery disease is untreated, it can also result in a heart attack.
If you have any of the risk factors for coronary artery disease, like a family history of the condition or high blood pressure, make an appointment at Texas Heart and Vein Multispecialty Group.
Following an exam, the team might recommend testing for coronary artery disease. That’s particularly true if you have any symptoms of narrowed arteries.
When the inner wall of an artery becomes damaged, it’s easier for fatty deposits and plaque to collect. Without treatment, this buildup can lead to a heart attack.
To diagnose coronary artery disease, your Texas Heart and Vein Multispecialty Group provider conducts an exam and asks about your symptoms. If these measures aren’t enough to make a diagnosis, they might order additional tests like cardiac catheterization or an electrocardiogram.
Cardiac catheterization allows the team to take X-ray images of your heart chambers, valves, arteries, and blood vessels. An electrocardiogram monitors the electrical output of your heart and can help diagnose a previous heart attack.
Treatment of coronary artery disease typically involves a combination of healthy lifestyle changes and prescription medication. For example, losing weight, quitting smoking, and exercising regularly can significantly reduce the risk of complications.
If medications and lifestyle changes don’t provide relief, surgical intervention may be necessary. The interventional cardiologist and cardiothoracic surgeon at Texas Heart and Vein Multispecialty Group have years of experience conducting surgical procedures like coronary artery bypass and angioplasty and stent placement.
If you’re concerned about your risk of coronary artery disease, make an appointment at Texas Heart and Vein Multispecialty Group by calling the nearest office today or scheduling online.